Pain/discomfort arising from pain-sensitive structures in the head.

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI)

Widespread axonal damage in the aftermath of acute/repetitive traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to deficits in cerebral connectivity that may or may not recover over time.

NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS)

The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is a 15-item impairment scale used to measure stroke severity.

Intracranial lipoma

Intracranial lipomas are not true neoplasms, but congenital malformations which represent persistence of menix primitiva, a mesenchymal neural crest derivative