Hinman syndrome (HS)

Voiding dysfunction of the bladder of neuropsychological origin that is characterized by functional bladder outlet obstruction in the absence of neurologic deficits.

Cauda equina syndrome (CES)

Compression of cauda equina group of nerves, resulting in symptoms that include bowel and bladder dysfunction, saddle anesthesia, and varying degrees of loss of lower extremity sensory and motor function.

Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) overdose

Poisoning caused by excessive medication of the tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) type.

Lithium toxicity

Lithium is a monovalent cation (similar to sodium) with an unknown mechanism, is a very powerful, antimanic medication with a narrow therapeutic index.