Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium and can occur as an isolated entity or as a manifestation of an underlying systemic disease.

Cardiac arrhythmia

Abnormal variation from the normal heart rate and/or rhythm.

Ortner syndrome

Ortner’s syndrome, also known as cardiovocal syndrome, results from compression of the recurrent laryngeal nerve secondary to benign cardiovascular causes

Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome (KTS)

Rare vascular malformation syndrome comprising of a triad of vascular malformation (capillary malformations or port-wine brands), venous varicosity, and soft tissue and/or bony hypertrophy.