Visual release hallucinations, also known as Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a type of visual disturbance and the experience of complex visual hallucinations in a person with partial or severe blindness in the absence of psychiatric .
- Macular degeneration (central vision loss)
- Glaucoma (peripheral vision loss)
- Methyl alcohol poisoning
- Bilateral optic nerve damage
- Fictive visual percepts
- Vivid, complex recurrent visual hallucinations
- “Lilliputian” hallucinations
- Hallucinations in which the characters or objects are smaller than normal
- Involuntary sensory experience vivid enough to be regarded as a hallucination, but recognised by the patient not to be the result of external stimuli i.e. patient understands that the hallucinations are not real
- Hallucinations are only visual
- Faces or cartoons (M/C) > Animals, plants or trees and inanimate objects
There is no treatment of proven effectiveness for CBS.