Introduction:Cemento-osseous dysplasias (CODs) for short, are a group of relatively benign, or harmless jaw conditions, where there’s fibrous connective tissue containing abnormal calcifications within the jaw bones, in place of normal bone.
- M/C type of fibro-osseous lesion to affect jaw
- Commonly seen in African-American females.
According to location:
- Periapical COD (periapical region of anterior teeth) (M/C subtype)
- Focal COD (associated with a single tooth)
- Florid COD (FCOD) (lesions appear in > 1 quadrant)
Usually asymptomatic and occurs in the periapical area of teeth with vital pulps or in regions of extractions.
- Local jaw expansion and mild discomfort (⅓ cases)
Radiography:FCOD appears radiolucent in its early stages. As it matures, radiopacities appear within the lesion, causing them to show a mixed appearance of radiolucency and radiopacity.