- CD affects ~3% of school-aged children and is twice as prevalent in males than in females.
DSM-5 | Disruptive, impulse control & conduct disorders (DIC):
Characterized by impulse behaviour (lack of self-control).
- Oppositional defiant disorders (ODD)
- Conduct disorder (CD)
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Intermittent explosive disorder (IED)
- Impulse control disorder:
- Pyromania (driven by compulsion)
Childhood-onset CD (more severe):
- Male sex
- Maternal smoking during pregnancy
- Poverty in childhood
- Exposure to physical/sexual abuse or domestic violence
- Parental substance use disorders
- Criminal behaviour
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (M/C)
- Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) (often precedes the onset of conduct disorder)
- Substance use disorder
- Mood disorder
CD is characterized by repetitive, persistent violations of both the rights of others and age-appropriate societal norms.
DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Conduct Disorder:
CD without comorbid disorders in different developmental periods:
CD with comorbid disorders: