Pathways of tuberculosis disease progression. After initial exposure, M. tuberculosis may be eliminated by the host immune response, persist as a latent infection, or progress to primary active disease. Following the establishment of latent infection, disease may persist in a latent form, naturally progress in a slow or rapid fashion to active tuberculosis, or cycle through incipient and subclinical states before developing into symptomatic disease or eventual disease resolution. Although not all possibilities for regression of disease burden are depicted, spontaneous recovery may occur in any of these clinical trajectories. | Drain, P. K., Bajema, K. L., Dowdy, D., Dheda, K., Naidoo, K., Schumacher, S. G., … Sherman, D. R. (2018). Incipient and Subclinical Tuberculosis: a Clinical Review of Early Stages and Progression of Infection. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 31(4), e00021-18. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00021-18

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