- Topical decongestants:
- Naphazoline nasal sprays
- Oral medications:
- Sympathomimetic amines
- Various 2-imidazolines
- Nasal congestion without rhinorrhea, postnasal drip, or sneezing
- Following several days of decongestant use (typically after 5–7 days of use)
- Turbinate hypertrophy: Swelling of the nasal passages caused by rebound congestion may eventually result in permanent turbinate hypertrophy, which may block nasal breathing until surgically removed.
Withdrawal of the offending nasal spray or oral medication.
- Cold turkey approach: M/effective treatment method as it directly removes the cause of the condition
- Gradual weaning approach: Helps preserve normal nasal airflow during the withdrawal process